I’d like to start with an experience we’ve all had. Have you ever hit your elbow against an object? It’s usually the part of the elbow closer to the body. Did you feel anything down that part? Some feeling of numbness and tingling? Well, you felt that because a nerve runs just behind the bone that juts out of the part of our elbow closer to the body and you just hit the nerve. That’s what a tingling sensation feels like. Generally, you’d notice this sensation anywhere in the hands, feet, arms and legs more commonly. The medical term for this feeling is paresthesia and it’s one that can result from a totally normal scenario such as remaining in an awkward position for so long or from a serious condition such as diabetes mellitus.
Sitting with your legs crossed, falling asleep on your arm, sitting or standing in one position for too long can make you feel a tingling sensation. Many people may describe this as a pin and needle feeling. This is due to pressure being put on the nerves in these positions. It often improves with movement from the particular position. Of course, if it comes in such a situation and goes away with time then it’s little or entirely nothing to worry about. It’s different when numbness and tingling persist and there’s no obvious cause for the sensations, it could be a symptom of a disease or injury, hence this article. It should be known that majority of the causes of tingling sensations are related to a condition known as peripheral neuropathy. What causes peripheral neuropathy?
Drinking too much alcohol may lead to a type of peripheral neuropathy known as alcoholic neuropathy. Alcohol can do a good deal of damage to the nerves, among the score of other damages done to the body in general. Sometimes, anxiety may lead to a tingling sensation in the feet although it’s often more psychological than physical. It may also be seen during pregnancy. The uterus may put pressure on the nerves in a person’s legs as their baby grows. This is a common complaint in pregnancy. Staying hydrated, changing positions, and resting with the feet up can help relieve the sensation. At other times, it may be due to a deficiency of vitamins. This is why it’s common to see doctors prescribe multivitamins for this feeling.
Another important cause of the tingling sensation is diabetes mellitus. Excessive sugar levels in the blood may damage the nerves. It’s particularly significant in diabetes as it tends to affect the legs leading to reduced sensation in this part. Many a time, people often develop injuries on these legs and do not have an idea until it becomes very bad. Poor blood supply to these parts in diabetes means it doesn’t heal in time and is a possible cause of eventual death if not properly taken care of.
Report any occurrence out of the ordinary to your doctor.