The sight of blood during sex is usually enough to stop the act itself, provided it’s not a case of a broken hymen. Actually, a case of the broken hymen is the most likely case of bleeding during sex. Other causes are more likely to cause bleeding after sex. That’s how scary it could be. Bleeding as insignificant as little red dot stains of blood on tissue after cleaning up is not a normal occurrence during or after sex although it doesn’t have to be a cause for alarm. Here, we will learn about the causes of bleeding during sex. To a very large extent, bleeding during sex is discussed solely with women in mind due to the peculiarities of their anatomy. You would agree that trauma to a man during sex might be the only possible reason for his bleeding during sex. On this note, what causes bleeding after sex?
For women who have gone through menopause, altered hormone levels play a big role in post coital bleeding. Decreased levels of estrogen means that the body produces less vaginal lubrication, so the vagina can become dry and inflamed. The elasticity of the vagina also decreases, and its tissues become thinner and shrink. Hence, it’s not an unusual occurrence to experience discomfort, pain and bleeding during sex. In fact, up to 63 percent of postmenopausal women experience vaginal dryness and vaginal bleeding or spotting during sex. Estrogen therapy and use of lubricants as prescribed by a gynaecologist may be used in this case.
Vaginal dryness may actually occur in women who are not any close to menopause. This could be due to breastfeeding, childbirth, inadequate stimulation prior to sex, frequent douching, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Certain medication may also be responsible, and this is a reason you should always ask for the possible side effects of any medication once it is prescribed. It’s also possible that ‘vigorous’ sex will cause scrapes and small cuts to the vagina. Vaginal dryness will even make it more likely. Infections of the genital tract in women may also cause bleeding. These include STDs such as genital herpes or syphilis, and infections of the cervix or vagina known as cervicitis and vaginitis.
The other causes of vaginal bleeding include abnormal growths in the genital tract. These are polyps and cancers. Polyps are non-cancerous growths sometimes found on the cervix or in the endometrial lining of the uterus. Polyp movement can irritate the surrounding tissue and cause bleeding from small blood vessels. Polyps can be surgically removed. Cancers are the other growths. Nobody wants to hear they have a cancer, of course. However, irregular vaginal bleeding is a common symptom of vaginal or cervical cancer. In fact, it’s the first symptoms of cancer seen in some women before diagnosis.
Adequate foreplay before sex is highly important. The same goes for artificial lubrication. Any sight of bleeding during sex should prompt a visit to the doctor.