No, they are not the teeth that every wise human has. If they were, it wouldn’t make much sense to remove them.
Rather, the wisdom teeth are the teeth that always come last after every other one has grown. They usually appear between the ages 17-25 in people that develop them.
Wisdom teeth removal is a surgical procedure performed to remove the four permanent molars that grow in the back corners of the mouth on the top and bottom. In some people, the wisdom teeth erupt with no problems.
What Are The Problems That Can Arise With Wisdom Teeth?
Problems with wisdom teeth arise mainly because there isn’t enough room for proper growth. Remember, they are late bloomers, growing after everyone else is done growing. A wisdom tooth may grow at an angle towards the next tooth or towards the back of the mouth. It may also grow at a right angle to the other teeth, looking as if it is lying down within the bone. Sometimes, it grows straight up but remains trapped in the jawbone.
Any of these patterns of growth can cause pain or damage to a nearby tooth and the jawbone around it. Food and debris can get trapped behind the wisdom teeth causing tooth infection, decay or gum disease as a result of bacterial action. A fluid-filled sac otherwise known as a cyst is another likely complication of an impacted wisdom tooth.
Do All Wisdom Teeth Need Extraction?
Not all wisdom teeth cause problems. Of course, it makes a lot of sense to leave these ones alone. However, this is not always the case. A wisdom tooth causing no symptoms may still be a problem if it is hard to get into and clean properly. Wisdom teeth are also more likely to cause serious problems in older adults. Risk of complications after extraction is also increased in this population, constituting a dilemma. Discuss with your dentist what your options are so that you can take an informed decision.
What Can You Expect Before And After Wisdom Teeth Removal In Nigeria?
Most times, the procedure is done on an outpatient basis, usually in the office. A local anesthetic will be used in this situation and this numbs the site of extraction. This means you will be awake all through the procedure. No pain will be felt but you may feel the pressure and some movement.
During the procedure, your dentist will cut into your gum, remove bone to gain access to the tooth root and divide it into sections for easy removal. After wisdom teeth removal, they will clean the site of extraction and use gauze to control the bleeding and encourage blood clot formation.
After the procedure, healing will start after extraction and it’s important to follow your dentist’s instructions on how to care for the affected site. You can treat pain and swelling with a prescribed pain reliever and ice pack respectively. Some bleeding may occur within 24 hours after removal. This is normal. Avoid excessive spitting and replace the gauze as directed. This maintains the blood clot.
Drink a lot of water and take in soft foods only to facilitate faster healing. Avoid alcohol, cigarettes and beverages during recovery. If you experience excessive bleeding, fever, pain or swelling, do not hesitate to reach out to your dentist.