Many are unaware of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and its manifestations. There was once a picture and video circulating of a lady on social media, wherein this lady in question could have been mistaken for a man. She had a husky voice and well-distributed facial hair on her face and upper chest.
Sadly, the comments on her video were quite not nice and weeks later, she came out to say she was depressed and had suicidal thoughts.
She’s human too, just with a few peculiarities medically. This would most likely be the topic to learn about today, which is the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is common among women of reproductive age wherein they may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods with/or excess male hormone levels.
The ovaries may then develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.
What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS isn’t known, but factors that might play a role include an excess of insulin or male hormones(androgens) in a female. It’s also believed that some females may inherit the condition.
What are the symptoms seen in PCOS?
Signs and symptoms of PCOS often develop around the time of the first menstrual period during puberty although Sometimes it develops much later, probably in response to substantial weight gain.
Periods may be irregular. Then, there’s that excess body and facial hair that may make a woman appear manly. Some women may have severe acne and male-pattern baldness. Infertility may also be an issue as the ovaries are abnormal and ovulation may not occur.
These signs and symptoms are typically more severe in obese women.
If at least two symptoms are present in a woman of reproductive age, especially as depicted in the story above, then a visit to the doctor becomes necessary. A careful history would be obtained, followed by an examination, which would include checks for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, and acne.
Furthermore, the doctor might recommend some radiologic tests, like an ultrasound to access the state of the ovaries, and some blood panels to ascertain blood hormonal levels.
PCOS treatment focuses on managing individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne, or obesity. Specific treatment might also involve lifestyle changes or medications to be determined by the doctor.